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Nginx虚拟主机配置教程

来源:osyunwei.com 作者:qihang01 发表于:2012-08-19 21:26  点击:
说明:配置之前先把域名解析到服务器IP地址上

说明:配置之前先把域名解析到服务器IP地址上

站点1:bbs.osyunwei.com 程序所在目录/data/osyunwei/bbs

站点2:sns.osyunwei.com 程序所在目录/data/osyunwei/sns

chown www.www /data/osyunwei/ -R #设置目录所有者,www为nginx运行账户

chmod 700 /data/osyunwei/ -R #设置目录权限

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nginx配置文件路径:/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

修改之前先备份原来的配置文件cp /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.confbak

一、禁止nginx空主机头

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf #编辑

找到server,在上面一行添加如下内容:
##############################
server {
listen 80 default;
server_name _;
location / {
root html;
return 404;
}
location ~ /.ht {
deny all;
}
}
##############################

这样设置之后,空主机头访问会直接跳转到nginx404错误页面。

二、添加nginx虚拟主机包含文件

cd /usr/local/nginx/conf/ #进入nginx安装目录

mkdir vhost #建立虚拟目录

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf #编辑

找到上一步添加的代码,在最后添加如下内容:

include vhost/*.conf;

例如:
##############################
server {
listen 80 default;
server_name _;
location / {
root html;
return 404;
}
location ~ /.ht {
deny all;
}
}
include vhost/*.conf;
##############################

三、修改nginx连接fastcgi的方式为unix domain socket

touch /tmp/php-cgi.sock #建立php-cgi.sock文件

chown www.www /tmp/php-cgi.sock #设置文件所有者为www(必须与nginx的用户一致)

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf #编辑nginx配置文件

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; 修改为

fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;

vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf #编辑php-fpm配置文件

listen = 127.0.0.1:9000 修改为

listen =/tmp/php-cgi.sock;

四、修改好之后的/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf配置文件如下(建议直接使用这个修改好的文件)

user www www;
worker_processes 2;
#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;
#pid logs/nginx.pid;

events {
 use epoll;
 worker_connections 65535;
}

http {
 include mime.types;
 default_type application/octet-stream;

 #log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
 # '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
 # '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

 #access_log logs/access.log main;
 server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
 client_header_buffer_size 32k;
 large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
 client_max_body_size 300m;
 sendfile on;
 tcp_nopush on;
 fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
 fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
 fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
 fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
 fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
 fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
 fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
 #keepalive_timeout 0;
 keepalive_timeout 60;
 tcp_nodelay on;
 server_tokens off;
 gzip on;
 gzip_min_length 1k;
 gzip_buffers 4 16k;
 gzip_http_version 1.1;
 gzip_comp_level 2;
 gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
 gzip_vary on;
 server {
 listen 80 default;
 server_name _;
 location / {
 root html;
 return 404;
 }
 location ~ /.ht {
 deny all;
 }
 }
 server
 {
 listen 80;
 #server_name localhost;
 index index.php default.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm ;
 root /data/osyunwei;
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
 {
 fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 include fcgi.conf;
 }
 location /status {
 stub_status on;
 access_log off;
 }

 location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
 {
 expires 30d;
 }
 location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
 {
 expires 12h;
 }

 access_log off;
 }

include vhost/*.conf;
}

五、创建fcgi.conf配置文件

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/fcgi.conf #添加以下内容

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fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx/$nginx_version;

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;
fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri;
fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr;
fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;
fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with --enable-force-cgi-redirect
fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200;

六、创建虚拟主机配置文件

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost/bbs.osyunwei.com.conf #添加以下内存


server
 {
 listen 80;
 server_name bbs.osyunwei.com;
 index index.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm default.php;
 root /data/osyunwei/bbs;
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
 {
 fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 include fcgi.conf;
 }
 location /status {
 stub_status on;
 access_log off;
 }

 location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
 {
 expires 30d;
 }
 location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
 {
 expires 12h;
 }

 access_log off;
 }

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhost/sns.osyunwei.com.conf #添加以下内容


server
 {
 listen 80;
 server_name sns.osyunwei.com;
 index index.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm default.php;
 root /data/osyunwei/sns;
location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
 {
 fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
 fastcgi_index index.php;
 include fcgi.conf;
 }
 location /status {
 stub_status on;
 access_log off;
 }

 location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
 {
 expires 30d;
 }
 location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
 {
 expires 12h;
 }

 access_log off;
 }

七、测试

vi /data/osyunwei/bbs/index.php #新建文件,添加以下内容
<?php
phpinfo();
?>
:wq! #保存退出

vi /data/osyunwei/sns/index.php #新建文件,添加以下内容
<?php
phpinfo();
?>
:wq! #保存退出

/etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart #重启nginx

/etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm restart #重启php-fpm

打开

http://bbs.osyunwei.com/

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打开

http://sns.osyunwei.com/

可以看到相关PHP信息页面,说明配置成功。

至此,Nginx虚拟主机配置教程完成

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