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Display hierarchical data with TreeView

来源:Blog 作者:未知 时间:2006-04-06 Tag: 点击:

Display hierarchical data with TreeView

Teemu Keiski

 

Very often applications have need to manage hierarchical data and indeed such that hierarchy is unlimited. This has been a bit problem in databases, although solved using self-referencing tables or alternative solutions. OK, but how to display such data that uses self-referencing table?

 

With ASP.NET one optional answer is to use TreeView control. TreeView gives developers chance to display hierarchical data as I’ll demonstrate in this article. What makes TreeView so cool is that it can also display elements (tree nodes) based on XML.

 

Overview of things that developer needs to do to get this feature are:

  1. Get the data from self-referencing table into DataSet
  2. Create DataRelation that corresponds to relation in self-referencing table and add it to DataSet’s Relations collection. DataRelation’s Nested property needs to be true.
  3. Get DataSet’s XML representation and apply XSLT transformation for it so that result corresponds to XML syntax used by TreeView control.
  4. Bind TreeView.

 

Self-referencing table

Assume that in database we have table as follows:

CATEGORIES

CategoryID

ParentCategoryID

CategoryName

2

 

1

3

 

2

4

 

3

5

2

1.1

6

2

1.2

7

2

1.3

8

3

2.1

9

3

2.2

10

4

3.1

11

5

1.1.1

12

5

1.1.2

13

10

3.1.1

14

13

3.1.1.1

15

14

3.1.1.1.1

16

14

3.1.1.1.2

17

14

3.1.1.1.3

 

Shortly, CategoryID is the primary key and ParentCategoryID is foreign key referencing to CategoryID with default value NULL. CategoryName represents text I want to display in TreeView.

 

Get data into DataSet

//Connection to database

OleDbConnection objConn=new OleDbConnection("Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=" + Server.MapPath("db.mdb")  + ";Persist Security Info=False");

 

//SQL query to get data from CATEGORIES table

OleDbCommand objCommand=new OleDbCommand("SELECT * FROM CATEGORIES",objConn);

 

//OleDbDataAdapter

OleDbDataAdapter objDa =new OleDbDataAdapter(objCommand);

 

//DataSet

DataSet ds=new DataSet("CATEGORIESDS");